Salzburg City Guide Austria – A Diamond on the Alps.
Salzburg City Guide Austria – A Diamond on the Alps. Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the state of Salzburg. The old town of Salzburg (Altstadt) with its famous baroque architecture is one of the city centers that are still preserved in the north of the Alps. The city is known for its very characteristic alpine nature. Salzburg is also the birthplace of the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the mid-20th century, the city became one of the settings in the film The Sound of Music which also featured various famous and distinctive places in Austria. With its three universities, Salzburg is the capital of the State of Salzburg and is also a densely populated area of students. The name Salzburg means “City of Salt”. This refers to a customs post that existed in the city in the Middle Ages, where the transportation of salt through the city had to pay a duty.
Salzburg Baroque Historical Centre is one of the best preserved in Europe, as well as one of its loveliest.
It was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
Austria’s fourth largest city owes its present a beauty to the consistent government policies that have preserved the historic town centre. The birthplace of Mozart and Haydn. Salzburg has retained its musical heritage to this day, offering a wealth of annual music festivals.
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Salzburg is a small neatly laid out city, whose charm derives in part from the farms and grazing cows that can be found inside the city limits. Its Alpine setting is dominated by the guys perkin untersberg mountain peaks, which at nearly 2000 metres, rise only a few kilometres from the city centre.
To the north, the town is surrounded by fields and forests, which offer countless possibilities for excursions in the vicinity. The sod suck river who sources in the Alps to the south winds through the city as its historic Lifeline and separates it into two halves, the so called left and right banks of the South. The Salzburg area has been inhabited since the Neolithic period, settled by the Romans who gave it the name you have them. Legend has it that the city was refounded in the year 700 by St. Rupert, who chose it as a site for his Basilica and Christian debt. Salzburg.
The Old City is picturesquely dominated by the march Berg a hilly neighbourhood which offers a panoramic view of the town. The mom’s Berg’s massive fortress, which played an instrumental role in Salzburg history is visible for miles long, the seat of the archbishopric of Salzburg.
Salzburg was part of Bavaria until it achieved its independence in the late 14th century. After that, it was considered an independent Prince bishopric within the Holy Roman Empire. The salzach River is 225 kilometres long, flowing through Salzburg before joining in river in Germany. The river gets its name, which means salt from the shipping of salt down the river, which was an important part of the local economy until the 19th century. Until 1791, the river was called South the city’s name which literally means salt kassa comes from the river. The toll exacted on a huge salt barges which plied the river, from the eighth century on was instrumental in creating the city’s wealth. Salisbury Cathedral dedicated to St. Rupert is probably the city’s most significant piece of church architecture, as well as its ecclesiastical heart. Its magnificent facade and massive dome date from the 17th century and together form the most impressive early Baroque edifice north of the Alps.
The cathedrals main facade is divided into three horizontal units and covered in so called untersberg Mountain marble, though it is not truly marble in the geological sense, statues are the four evangelists line the central part of the facade, statues of Moses holding the 10 commandments and aleus flank Christ the Saviour. These statues, which date from 1660, are the work of Tommaso de jarana, the sculptor who also made the residence fountain. The cathedrals three bronze gates, representing the three divine virtues date from the late 1950s.
The central gate of love is the work of jack moment to the gate of hope on the right hand side was made by a Walmart array. The gait of faith and the left hand side was the work of Tony Schneider menza The front facade of the cathedral is adorned with foreign posing statues.
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The two lateral figures date from 1660 and depicts St. Rupert holding a salt Barrow and St. Virgil with a church. The two central statues depict St. Peter with the keys to the church and St. Paul holding a sword. The church’s elegant CPN white interior dates from a later renovation. The ceiling over the main nave show seems from the life and Passion of Christ. near the entrance stands the 14th century baptismal font in which Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Salzburg, his most famous son was baptised. Four interconnected chapels line the main nave, each of which is adorned by side altar and Palatine frescoes. The highlight of the cathedral is without doubt its dome, which sort of 71 metres above the church’s floor. two rows, each with eight frescoes depicting Old Testament scenes, grace the size of the dome. They were painted by the same artists who decorated the main nave, donado mascagni, and Ignacio Solari. The paintings relate to the life and passion scenes from the Knave. Above the paintings are images of the four evangelists. And beyond that the coats of arms of Prince Archbishop Paris lodron, and Archbishop Andreas rohrabacher. hear a detail of the Holy Spirit portrayed as a dove in the central dome. The main altar which dates from 16 to 28, was the work of architects Santino Solari.
This painting the work of Donato mackaninee depicts the resurrection of Christ. Above the painting standard statues of St. Rupert and St. Virgil, as well as allegories of religion and charity. statues of angels holding golden crucifixes adorn the space above the altar. The cathedrals black and white stucco decoration was the work of Italian artists to separate the city you know, from around 1628. The Capitol plots are chapter square lies to the north of the cathedral. The chapter fountain with its horse motifs, bears witness to the past, a horse trough was situated in the centre of the chapter square during the Middle Ages. The new fountain was built under Archbishop Leopold Furman in 1732, based on a design modelled on Roman fountains by fans and turn down writer. The ramp used by horses to access the water leads to a group of figures consisting of Neptune, God of the sea, holding a trident and ground. The Mozart blots lies in the heart of the old town of Salzburg, near the new residence palace.
The square is dominated by a statue of Mozart by Ludwig shantala, which was unveiled in 1842. celebrated classical composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in this house on January 27 1756. Carefully renovated and enlarge to house the museum’s collection. It draws 1000s of visitors every year. Its collection includes precious relics, such as the violin and Mozart used to play when he was a child. His concert violin clavichord, portraits, letters and other memorabilia of the Mozart family. Stroll through the old city with its variety of architectural styles is a true delight, thanks to the city’s strict preservation laws. Its countless narrow streets feature buildings from the Middle Ages, Romanesque, Baroque and Renaissance periods, as well as elegant classical Berger’s houses dating from the ruler of the Habsburg Monarchy. The neighbourhood around the Benedictine Abbey of St Peter’s Salzburg, the oldest quarter, the main entrance to the abbey faces of the southern side entrance to the St. Francis church. St. Peter’s Church and Abbey were founded in around the year 700 by Salzburg patron saint Rupert, and remains the oldest monastic community on German soil. They were burned to the ground in the early 20th century, the abbey complex was rebuilt and substantially altered several times over the following centuries.
The Church of St. Peter’s Abbey is an example of the high Romanesque style, though it was decorated with Baroque elements in the early 17th century. Under the abbot beta say our The church was built as a Romanesque Basilica with three aisles in the early 12th century under Abbot Broderick, its Romanesque architecture is evident in its interior, that the decoration is in the characteristically ornate Rococo style of the 1770s. A 13 year old Mozart as well as Franz Joseph Haydn’s younger brother Johann composed works here in the 18th century. Small chapels on the side wings of the church contained smaller altars and tombstones of former apices. In the churches, right knave is the tomb of Saint vitus and the red marble of adnate. The church contains various artistic treasures, including altar paintings by the renowned devotional artists crumbs or Schmidt the side aisles are decorated in the Rococo style.
The church’s main altar with its so called rock tomb was the original Tomb of Saint Rupert, made of marble that is decorated with a painting by Martin Johann Schmidt. Additional Oregon pipes are embedded in the walls down the length of the church. The ceiling above the Oregon is a Rococo Marvel, adorned with a fresco depicting flying angels, and ornamentation and stucco. enclosed by elegant wrought iron fences. The Abbey cemetery contains innumerable Baroque porticoes, housing chapels, or Salzburg, oldest and wealthiest families are in tuned. St. Peter’s cemetery possesses a unique atmosphere that ranks it among the world’s most beautiful cemeteries dated from the early 17th century. It is also among its oldest. It is the final resting place of many of Salzburg luminaries, including artists, musicians, scholars and businessmen, residents squares and especially magnificent forecourt between the archiepiscopal residences, and the heart of Salzburg, the Old City.
It is bordered by the new residents that Cathedral and the old residence residence square with its richly decorated Baroque fountain at its centre is probably the largest and most beautiful square of the five built under Prince Archbishop wolf Dietrich fund right now. 55 mediaeval buildings were torn down to make room for this square, which was designed according to the mannerist plan of the Italian architect in Kansas come out see its monumental size surpassed only by the cathedral, the University church, a colleague and kirika. With its graduates facade is one of the most magnificent Baroque churches in Austria. The most prominent Baroque architect of the time, Johann Bernhard Fisher bonallack, was chosen in 1694 to design the church, which would be considered his most significant accomplishment. The history of the Franciscan church can be traced back to Salzburg early Christian period. So it’s definitive appearances in the Gothic style. Its original construction attributed to St. Virgil. It was repeatedly rebuilt during the following centuries, for the last time in the early 15th century by the most famous architect in the Salzburg region Hans van barkhausen. Unlike the cathedral billed for the city’s most important ceremonies, the Franciscan Church has remained a place of middle class worship. The main gate facing Sigmund Hafner Street was decorated in the Baroque style around 1700.
The main nave of the current church was built in the late Romanesque style and the early 13th century, placing it among Salzburg oldest buildings. The church’s interior has a main altar designed by Salzburg his most famous architect, JB Fisher bonallack, along with for 17th century chapels. Its magnificent Hall choir designed by Brickhouse and effectively reflects a fusion of light and darkness, a special feature of the church.
The current appearance of the Franciscan church reflects the many centuries during which it was built and decorated from the Gothic to the romantic. Side Salzburg, Archbishop’s and bourgeoisie rivalling each other and adorning the church so that their memory would perpetuate within its walls. Salzburg fortress the hole in Salzburg fortress is its most impressive landmark since 1872, it can be accessed by funicular, which lays claim to being the oldest operational railway in the world. 16th century Archbishop Cardinal Mateus Lang drew up plans for the rise took an early and primitive railway to transport provisions up to the fortress.
Originally dated from 1077 it was substantially enlarged under Conrad the first in the 12th century, and later in 1495 and 1519. Following the orders of Archbishop Liana advan could shock during the presence or Hungarian wars. It remains the largest fully preserved fortress in Central Europe. From its position upon the festoons book Hill, the hill in Salzburg, literally high Salzburg fortress dominates this picturesque Austrian city. The fortress museum and the historic rooms of the castle key bears witness to the history of the fortress and the organisation of its everyday life. The fortification and sometime residents of the Archbishop princes who ruled the city it has never been conquered by enemy troops during its Millennium long history. The Hoenn Salzburg fortress is a vast mediaeval castle complex. Initially built as a simple Bailey with a wooden wall. It was extended significantly over the following centuries. Today, the castle is 250 metres long and 150 metres wide, covers a surface area of over 33,000 square metres, and comprises over 50 buildings. During its long history, it also served as military barracks and prison. The fortresses origins due to the investiture controversy in the 11th century, a struggle in the church between the Pope and Emperor over who had the right to make ecclesiastical appointments, in which Salzburg Archbishop sided with the Pope. Today it symbolises the power of the Archbishop princes who ruled Salzburg, transforming it into the magnificent Baroque city it remains to this day. fortresses interiors richly decorated, intricate Gothic wood carvings and ornamental paintings decorate the golden Hall and the golden chamber.
It also holds a major concert hall. In addition to the fortresses, mediaeval halls, its romantic courtyard and its Bastion, the last of which was the great kernberg Bastion, provide spectacular scenery for special events. When salsburg Castle had massive guns and cannons, each bearing names Herbert Sankara Han square is located in Salzburg Old City, named in honour of the world famous conductor and Salzburg native. The Magnificent Horace pond was designed and built in 1693 and the course of building the facade of the Royal stables. The central group the horse tamer, one stood in an oval basin directly in front of the door to the Royal stables. With its postcard perfect Alpine setting, Salzburg is a picturesque Austrian city of unparalleled Baroque splendour, with its myriad churches, abbeys, squares and palaces set within a bucolic landscape. Salzburg has long charmed and delighted visitor
Overally Salzburg is a fine place to travel and leisure, the most visited ski resorts beside Bad Hofgastein and Zell am See:
- Kitzbuhel:Arguably the most beautiful ski town in Europe, Kitzbuhel is overspilling with charm. The cobbled streets are lined with pastel coloured buildings and there’s some impressive mountain heritage here. It may demand a price tag not to be sniffed at but you certainly get your money’s worth from the food, mountain restaurants and foot stomping bars to the quiet spas and castle-like retreats.Best for – having the picturesque ski town with great intermediate skiing to boot
- Kaprun:90 minutes from Salzburg airport you can be skiing on a glacier by lunch on your arrival day. Kaprun is the closest ski resort to the Kitzsteinhorn Glacier with super snow sure, high altitude skiing and there’s a smaller ski area in town. The town is small and based around the 13th-century castle and spired church and if you’re looking for more of a party atmosphere then the bus links to Zell am See are frequent and included on your lift pass.Best for – high altitude, snow sure glacier skiing – most slopes are intermediate friendly
- St. Johan:Sandwiched between two impressive mountain peaks, St Johann is a buzzing year-round town with medieval squares rammed with bars and restaurants at its centre. The snow is reliable with mostly North facing slopes and being at the crossroads of two valleys the resort gets blanketed in snow by storms from all directions. It’s proximity to Salzburg makes it a perfect weekend retreat.Best for – beginners and intermediates looking for peak to town cruising